Skip to main content

A Case Study of the Political Determinants of Division: Muslim Perceptions of British Combat Troops

  • 1116 Accesses

Abstract

The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq resulted in both military and civilian casualties. Hundreds of thousands of Afghan and Iraqi civilians died which was often described with an unfortunate term “collateral damage” by Allied forces led by the Americans and British.

This colossal death toll had consequences ranging from negative attitudes towards American and British governments and their combat troops to the rise of radicalisation and the recruitment of militants from the West to join terrorist organisations such as Daesh. This book chapter contains data from the first survey of its kind on Muslim perceptions of British combat troops and offers important insights into the political determinants of division.

Keywords

  • UK and US foreign policies
  • Islam
  • Muslims
  • Violent extremism
  • Division
  • Combat troops
  • War

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_29
  • Chapter length: 14 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-00512-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 29.1
Fig. 29.2
Fig. 29.3
Fig. 29.4
Fig. 29.5
Fig. 29.6
Fig. 29.7
Fig. 29.8
Fig. 29.9

References

  1. https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/three_kings/.

  2. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/06/movies/film-one-film-two-wars-three-kings.html?pagewanted=2.

  3. Roberts L, Lafta R, Garfield R, Khudhairi J, Burnham G. Mortality before and after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: cluster sample survey. Lancet. 2004;364(9448):1857–64.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Burnham G, Lafta R, Doocy S, Roberts L. Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: a cross-sectional cluster sample survey. Lancet. 2006;368(9545):1421–8.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. http://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/files/cow/imce/papers/2015/War%20Related%20Casualties%20Afghanistan%20and%20Pakistan%202001-2014%20FIN.pdf.

  6. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/26/salman-abedi-manchester-arena-attack-partying-suicide-bomber.

  7. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/may/26/jeremy-corbyn-the-war-on-terror-is-simply-not-working.

  8. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-22630303.

  9. http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/11/world/meast/isis-syria-iraq/.

  10. Amnesty International. Ethnic cleansing on a historic scale: the Islamic State’s systematic targeting of minorities in northern Iraq. (PDF). 2 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2015.

  11. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/dec/13/you-aint-no-muslim-bruv-man-leytonstone-denounces-extremism.

  12. http://icsr.info/tag/foreign-fighters.

  13. Hankir A, Carrick FR, Zaman R. Islam, mental health and being a Muslim in the West. Psychiatr Danub. 2015;27(Suppl 1):S53–9.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2008/aug/20/uksecurity.terrorism1.

  15. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-files-documents-leak-will-throw-group-into-crisis-mode-as-thousands-of-fighters-british-names-a6922441.html.

  16. Bhui K, Silva MJ, Topciu RA, Jones E. Pathways to sympathies for violent protest and terrorism. Br J Psychiatry. 2016;209(6):483–90. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  17. Coid JW, Bhui K, MacManus D, Kallis C, Bebbington P, Ullrich S. Extremism, religion and psychiatric morbidity in a population-based sample of young men. Br J Psychiatry. 2016;209(6):491–7. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  18. Bhugra D, Ventriglio A, Bhui K. Acculturation, violent radicalisation, and religious fundamentalism. Lancet Psychiatry. 2017;4(3):179–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30357-1.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Bhui K, James A, Wessely S. Mental illness and terrorism. BMJ. 2016;354:i4869. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i4869.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. Bhui K, Everitt B, Jones E. Might depression, psychosocial adversity, and limited social assets explain vulnerability to and resistance against violent radicalisation? PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e105918. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105918. eCollection 2014.

    CAS  CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  21. McGilloway A, Ghosh P, Bhui K. A systematic review of pathways to and processes associated with radicalization and extremism amongst Muslims in Western societies. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2015;27(1):39–50. https://doi.org/10.3109/09540261.2014.992008. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. https://www.kcl.ac.uk/kcmhr/research/kcmhr/publicperceptions.aspx.

  23. https://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/3587/Hearts-and-Minds-misperceptions-and-the-military.aspx.

  24. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/feb/06/british-army-recruit-muslims-low-number-iraq-afghanistan.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ahmed Zakaria Hankir .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Hankir, A.Z., Carrick, F.R., Hughes, J.H., Zaman, R. (2019). A Case Study of the Political Determinants of Division: Muslim Perceptions of British Combat Troops. In: Moffic, H., Peteet, J., Hankir, A., Awaad, R. (eds) Islamophobia and Psychiatry. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_29

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_29

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-00511-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-00512-2

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)