A Case Study of the Political Determinants of Division: Muslim Perceptions of British Combat Troops

  • Ahmed Zakaria HankirEmail author
  • Frederick R. Carrick
  • Jamie Hacker Hughes
  • Rashid Zaman


The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq resulted in both military and civilian casualties. Hundreds of thousands of Afghan and Iraqi civilians died which was often described with an unfortunate term “collateral damage” by Allied forces led by the Americans and British.

This colossal death toll had consequences ranging from negative attitudes towards American and British governments and their combat troops to the rise of radicalisation and the recruitment of militants from the West to join terrorist organisations such as Daesh. This book chapter contains data from the first survey of its kind on Muslim perceptions of British combat troops and offers important insights into the political determinants of division.


UK and US foreign policies Islam Muslims Violent extremism Division Combat troops War 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed Zakaria Hankir
    • 1
    Email author
  • Frederick R. Carrick
    • 1
  • Jamie Hacker Hughes
    • 2
  • Rashid Zaman
    • 3
  1. 1.Bedfordshire Centre for Mental Health Research in Association with Cambridge UniversityCambridgeUK
  2. 2.The Northern Hub for Veterans and Military Families ResearchUniversity of NorthumbriaNewcastle upon TyneUK
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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