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Clinical Assessment Tools for the Culturally Competent Treatment of Muslim Patients

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Abstract

Over the past 30 years, cultural competence initiatives in mental health have evolved from a list of “dos and don’ts” based on clinician perceptions of a patient’s cultural background to ethnographic approaches that inquire about a patient’s cultural affiliations, conceptions of illness, and preferences for treatment to avoid group-level stereotypes. This chapter first reviews the rationale for cultural competence within mental health as well as cultural competence recommendations for Muslim patients. Next, it discusses the DSM-5 Outline for Cultural Formulation (OCF) and Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) as clinical assessment tools that can help clinicians ask patients about the cultural definition of the presenting problem; perceptions of cause, context, and support; self-coping and past help-seeking; and current help-seeking and treatment preferences. The OCF and CFI may help clinicians systematically and comprehensively develop diagnostic assessments and treatment plans for Muslim patients in a patient-centered way.

Keywords

  • Cultural psychiatry
  • Cultural competence
  • Islam
  • Muslim
  • Patient-centeredness
  • Cultural Formulation Interview
  • Outline for cultural formulation

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Correspondence to Neil Krishan Aggarwal .

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Aggarwal, N.K. (2019). Clinical Assessment Tools for the Culturally Competent Treatment of Muslim Patients. In: Moffic, H., Peteet, J., Hankir, A., Awaad, R. (eds) Islamophobia and Psychiatry. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_11

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00512-2_11

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