Implementation Aspects

  • Jörg VerstraeteEmail author
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 370)


In the development of the artificial intelligent system for processing spatial data, several side problems needed to be solved. These problems are not necessarily directly related to the main problem, but also needed to be solved in order to either evaluate or implement the algorithm. Among other things, this includes the way of dealing with robustness errors when processing spatial data. The limited representation of real numbers in a computer system causes rounding errors, which—if this happens for numbers that represent coordinates—may result in robustness errors concerning the geometry calculations. The proposed method aims to find errors and circumvents them by lowering the dimension of calculated geometries. This algorithm is used throughout the implementation, as all spatial operations make use of it.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Systems Research InstitutePolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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