Harvest of muscle flaps traditionally requires long incisions that allow access to muscle origin, insertion, and pedicle. Because some muscles such as the latissimus dorsi and rectus abdominis are large, incisions can be anywhere from 20 to 30 cm in length. These donor sites are conspicuously located on the abdomen and back and are the source of morbidity in the form of cosmesis, seroma, and hernia. The robotic interface has supplied the necessary exposure and picture clarity through high-resolution, three-dimensional optics and the necessary precision instrumentation through wristed motion at the instrument tips to accomplish both muscle harvest and pedicle dissection. The robotic approaches that we describe, including the latissimus dorsi muscle and rectus abdominis muscle, are reproducible techniques for accomplishing muscle harvest without significant donor site morbidity. Both approaches take advantage of insufflation, gravity, precision instrumentation, and 3-dimensional imaging with multiple-angle scopes.
Robotic muscle harvest represents a tremendous step forwards in the ongoing quest to minimize donor site morbidity without compromising outcomes in reconstructive surgery.
Breast Reconstruction Latissimus Dorsi Donor Site Morbidity Rectus Abdominis Latissimus Dorsi Muscle
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