Modeling of Surface Effects on the Mesoscale

  • Thomas T. Warner
Part of the Meteorological Monographs book series (METEOR)


Mesoscale meteorological processes may originate from a variety of mechanisms; however, one of the most important is forcing by the earth’s surface. Terrain height variations and differential surface fluxes of heat, momentum, and moisture force myriad phenomena on a wide range of scales—from the mesoalpha to the mesogamma (length scales of greater than 2 km and less than 2000 km). These include thermally forced circulations over differentially heated land surfaces, drylines that can be associated with spatial variations in surface moisture fluxes, mountain lee waves, mountain-valley circulations, and coastal frontogenesis and cyclogenesis.


Mesoscale Model Control Simulation Marine Boundary Layer Southern Great Plain Soil Moisture Availability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© American Meteorological Society 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas T. Warner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MeteorologyThe Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations