Advertisement

Non-pharmacological management of pain

  • Michael Serpell

Abstract

Interventional pain procedures have their own place in the treatment algorithm of resistant chronic pains. The advantages of these techniques are that they are usually a one-off treatment over a period of months and do not require maintenance therapy and, if effective, patient compliance is good.

Keywords

Nerve Block Trigeminal Neuralgia Trigger Point Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Spinal Cord Stimulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Benzon HT. Epidural steroids injection for low back pain and lumbosacral radiculopathy. Pain 1986; 24:277–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wallace M, Staats P. Pain Medicine and Management: Just the Facts. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2004.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prithvi Raj P (ed.). Practical Management of Pain, 3rd edn. St Louis, MO: Mosby, 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kanner R (ed.). Pain Management Secrets, 2nd edn. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, 2003.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Percutaneous vertebroplasty, IP Guidance Number IPG 12. London: NICE, September 2003 (available from http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/ip/IPG 012guidance.pdf). Last accessed 8 January 2008.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Melzack R, Wall PD. Pain mechanisms: a new theory. Science 1965; 150:171–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fordyce WE. A behavioural perspective on chronic pain. Br J Clin Psychol 1982; 21:313–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Johnston M, Vogele C. What benefits can psychological preparation for surgery achieve? Ann Behav Med 1993; 15:245–56.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Buchbinder R, Jolley D, Wyatt M. Population based interventions to change back beliefs and disability: a three part evaluation. BMJ 2001; 322:1516–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vlaeyen JWS, Linton SJ. Fear-avoidance and its consequences in chronic musculoskeletal pain: a state of the art. Pain 2000; 85:317–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Leeuw M, Goossens MEJB, Linton SJ, et al. The fear-avoidance model of musculoskeletal pain: current state of scientific evidence. J Behav Med 2007; 30:77–94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ostelo RWJG, van Tulder MW, Vlaeyen JWS, et al. Behavioural treatment for chronic low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000 (2); CD002014.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ramachandran VS, Blakeslee S. Phantoms in the Brain: Probing the Mysteries of the Human Mind. New York: William Morrow, 1998.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moseley L. Graded motor imagery for pathologic pain: a randomized controlled trial. Neurology 2006; 67:2129–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hayden JA, van Tulder MW, Malmivaara A, et al. Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000 (3); CD000335.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Morley S, Eccleston C, Williams A. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour therapy for chronic pain in adults, excluding headache. Pain 2000; 80:1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vlaeyen JWS, Morley S. Cognitive-behavioural treatments for chronic pain: what works for whom? Clin J Pain 2005; 21(1):1–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    McCracken LM, Vowles KE. Acceptance of chronic pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2006; 10:90–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group, a part of Springer Science+Business Media 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Serpell
    • 1
  1. 1.University Department of AnaesthesiaGartnavel General HospitalGlasgowScotland

Personalised recommendations