Other treatments



Several depression-focused psychotherapies [1] have been developed to be time-limited treatments. They have an explicit goal of helping the individual achieve rapid relief of depressive symptoms, inasmuch as they are treatments comparable to pharmacotherapy in time course and efficacy. Furthermore, by emphasizing short-term goals, these therapies capitalize on the acute nature of many episodes of depression. Shared features of the depression-focused psychotherapies include their specific linkage of a theoretical model of phenomenology with strategies for symptom reduction, with specification of methods to facilitate training and enhance fidelity, and with acceptance of the need to identify observable and measurable goals and outcomes. The major types of time-limited depression-focused therapies that have reliably established comparability to antidepressant medications in RCTs include cognitive therapy (CBT) [2] and IPT [3]. The particular theoretical orientation of each model of treatment also yields predictions about specific outcomes, such as the effects of CBT on measures of dysfunctional attitudes or IPT on measures of social adjustment. Finally, these therapies share several pragmatic features, including their compatibility for use in combination with pharmacotherapy and their suitability for use by therapists with a range of backgrounds and training.


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Deep Brain Stimulation Vagus Nerve Stimulation Sham Acupuncture Dysfunctional Attitude 
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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PittsburghUSA

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