Advertisement

Depression in different types of patients

Chapter
  • 1.9k Downloads

Abstract

Depression has been estimated to have a prevalence in children of 2.5% and in adolescents of 4–8% [1]. The presentation of symptoms of depression in young people is, to a large extent, similar to that of adults, especially with respect to the presence of neurovegetative symptoms of depression. Decline in psychosocial performance (primarily in school) and reduced interest in previously enjoyed activities may be more easily detected signs that a younger individual is experiencing symptoms of depression. In addition, irritability may be more common in depressed children and adolescents than in depressed adults.

Keywords

Suicidal Ideation Postpartum Depression Depressed Child Depressed Adult Baby Blue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Ford T, Goodman R, Meltzer H. The British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2009; In press.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klein DF. The flawed basis for FDA post-marketing safety decisions: the example of anti-depressants and children. Neuropsychopharmacology 2006; 31:689–699.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bridge JA, Iyengar S, Salary CB, et al. Clinical response and risk for reported suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in pediatric antidepressant treatment: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 2007; 297:1683–1696.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Usala T, Clavenna A, Zuddas A, et al. Randomized controlled trials of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in treating depression in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2008; 18:62–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crismon ML, Trivedi MH, Pigott TA, et al.; for the Texas Consensus Conference Panel. The Texas Medication Algorithm Project: report of the Texas consensus conference panel on medication treatment of major depressive disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 1999; 60:142–156.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    TADS Team. The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS): Long-term effectiveness and safety outcomes. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2007; 64:1132–1435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clarke G, Debar L, Lynch F, et al. A randomized effectiveness trial of brief cognitive-behavioral therapy for depressed adolescents receiving antidepressant medication. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2005; 44:888–898.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Melvin GA, Tonge BJ, King NJ, et al. A comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy, sertraline, and their combination for adolescent depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2006; 45:1151–1161.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goodyer I, Dubicka B, Wilkinson P, et al. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and routine specialist care with and without cognitive behaviour therapy in adolescents with major depression: randomized controlled trial. BMJ 2007; 335:142.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, et al. The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). JAMA 2003; 289:3095–3105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Karch D, Lubell K, Friday J, et al. Surveillance for violent deaths – national violent death reporting system, 16 states 2005. MMWR Surveill Summ 2008; 57:1–45.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Aloysi A, Van Dyke K, Sano M. Women’s cognitive and affective health and neuropsychiatry. Mt Sinai J Med 2006; 73:967–975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marcus, SM, Kerber KB. Sex differences in depression symptoms in treatment-seeking adults: confirmatory analyses from the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to relieve Depression study. Compr Psychiatry 2008; 49:238–246.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.PittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations