Computer-Assisted Surgery (CAS) in Foot and Ankle Surgery

  • Martinus RichterEmail author


Foot and ankle surgery at the end of the twentieth century was characterized by the use of sophisticated computerized preoperative and postoperative diagnostic and planning procedures.13,39 However, intraoperative computerized tools that assist surgeons during their struggle for the planned optimal operative result are lacking. This results in an intraoperative “black box” without optimal visualization, guidance and biomechanical assessment.39 In the future, this intraoperative “black box” will be opened, and we shall have more intraoperative tools to achieve the planned result.39 Intraoperative three-dimensional imaging (ISO-C-3D/ARCADIS-3D), Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) and Intraoperative Pedography are three possible innovations to realize the planned procedure intraoperatively.48,49


Correction Process Kirschner Wire Preoperative Compute Tomography Subtalar Joint Osteochondral Lesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Trauma, Orthopaedic and Foot SurgeryCoburg Clinical Center and Hospital HildburghausenCoburgGermany

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