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Sleep, Stress, and Heart Disease

  • Torbjörn ÅkerstedtEmail author
  • Aleksander Perski
Chapter
  • 1.9k Downloads

Abstract

It is estimated that sleep problems affect around 20% of the adult population in the Western countries.1,2 It has been shown that the short-term consequences of sleep problems lead to adverse physiological changes,3 as well as to long-term health consequences. In experimental and epidemiological studies, both short and long sleep hours have been related to hypertension,4 type-2 diabetes,5,6 increased body mass index (BMI),7 alterations in blood lipids,8 and inflammatory markers9 – all factors known to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Keywords

Brain metabolism Glucose changes Heart disease Rapid eye ­movement sleep (REM) Risk factors Sleep Sleep disorders Stress 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stress Research InstituteStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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