Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Emerging Risk Factor and Mechanisms

  • Roland von KänelEmail author
  • Marie-Louise Gander Ferrari


The psychological impact of man-made and natural disaster-related traumatic ­experiences is well known. For instance, in former prisoners of war as well as in survivors of terrorist attacks and earthquakes, trauma-related distress and psychiatric diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorder, and major depressive disorders are prevalent.


Clinical management Emerging risk factor Mechanisms Pathophysiologic links Post-traumatic stress disorder Predictors Prevalence Therapeutic approach 



Own work cited in this chapter was supported by an unrestricted grant of Pfizer AG Switzerland and by a research grant of the University of Bern, Switzerland.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roland von Känel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marie-Louise Gander Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General Internal Medicine, Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, InselspitalBern University HospitalBernSwitzerland

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