Stress Cardiomyopathy

  • Ilan S. WittsteinEmail author


Throughout history, human beings have always had an intuitive understanding of the connection between their emotions and their hearts. Descriptions of “heartache” and “dying from a broken heart” have appeared in the literary works of diverse ­ cultures for centuries. Similarly, the medical literature is replete with descriptions of sudden death and myocardial infarction in the setting of fear, anxiety, and bereavement.


Stress cardiomyopathy Takotsubo cardiomyopathy Left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome Catecholamines Sympathetic nervous system Microvascular dysfunction Myocardial stunning 


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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine/Division of CardiologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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