Urinary Tract Fistula

  • Brett D. Lebed
  • Eric S. Rovner
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)


A fistula is defined as an extra-anatomic communication between two or more epithelial or mesothelial lined body cavities or the skin surface. Fistula can occur as a result of congenital anomalies, malignancy, inflammation or infection, tissue trauma, or iatrogenic causes, such as surgical injury or radiation. There have been reports of fistula formation since ancient times, involving connections from the urinary tract to a myriad of bodily cavities and organs. Organ systems immediately adjacent to the urinary tract are the most commonly affected, specifically the reproductive, gastrointestinal, and vascular systems. Presenting signs and symptoms of urinary fistula are dependent on the termination point of the fistula, the fistula size, concomitant infection or inflammatory processes, and associated malignancy or other medical conditions.


Fistula Tract Anterior Vaginal Wall Vaginal Cuff Vesicovaginal Fistula Obstetric Fistula 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brett D. Lebed
    • 1
  • Eric S. Rovner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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