Disorders of Scrotal Contents: Orchitis, Epididymitis, Testicular Torsion, Torsion of the Appendages, and Fournier’s Gangrene

  • Parviz K. Kavoussi
  • Raymond A. Costabile
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)


Orchitis is defined as inflammation of the testicle.1 The most common etiology of acute orchitis, and epididymitis, is infection with the sexually transmitted pathogens C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhea in young men below the age of 35.2 Epididymorchitis is also the most common cause of the “acute scrotum” in this age-group.3 The most common organisms to cause orchitis and epididymitis in men over the age of 35 and in prepubertal boys are E. coli and P. mirabilis. 4


Necrotizing Fasciitis Spermatic Cord Testicular Torsion Acute Scrotum Appendix Testis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parviz K. Kavoussi
    • 1
  • Raymond A. Costabile
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineCharlottesvilleUSA

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