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Urologic Instrumentation: Endoscopes and Lasers

  • Erica H. Lambert
  • Nicole L. Miller
  • S. Duke Herrell
Chapter
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)

Abstract

Cystourethroscopic examination of the bladder and urethra is the gold standard for the diagnosis of lower urinary tract disorders. It offers direct visualization of the bladder urothelium and provides initial access to the ureteral orifices for assessment and treatment of the upper tracts. It is a cornerstone in the workup for gross and microscopic hematuria and useful in the investigation of lower urinary tract symptoms stemming from anatomic obstruction or neurologic, inflammatory, neoplastic, or congenital disorders. Beyond this, instruments passed through the cystoscope or specially designed resectoscopes allow minimally invasive treatment of identified pathology.

Keywords

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Urethral Stricture Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Holmium Laser Virtual Reality Simulator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica H. Lambert
    • 1
  • Nicole L. Miller
    • 1
  • S. Duke Herrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urologic SurgeryVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA

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