Overview of the Evaluation of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction

  • Christopher R. Chapple
  • Altaf Mangera
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)


The idea “the bladder is an unreliable witness” first came into existence with the recognition that lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were not disease or gender specific, could be reported inaccurately by the patient, or could be poorly documented by the investigator.1 In recent years, attempts have been made to quantify symptoms by the use of disease-specific symptom scores and quality of life measures. Well-known examples include the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) for suspected prostate and the King’s Health Questionnaire for incontinence-related problems. Currently, internationally acceptable questionnaires are being evaluated for incontinence.2


Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Bladder Neck Detrusor Overactivity International Prostate Symptom Score Detrusor Contraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher R. Chapple
    • 1
  • Altaf Mangera
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologySheffield Teaching HospitalsSheffieldUK

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