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Chemotherapeutic Agents for Urologic Oncology

  • Hendrik Van Poppel
  • Filip Ameye
Chapter
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)

Abstract

The main goal of chemotherapy is to cure cancer by killing the neoplastic cells. To keep the cancer from metastasizing, chemotherapy may be used in combination with other cancer treatments, such as surgery and radiotherapy. In widespread, fast-growing cancers, chemotherapy reduces cellular proliferation, eases symptoms, and improves the quality of life. When it is employed after the primary tumor has been treated by some other modality, it is called adjuvant chemotherapy. Sometimes neoadjuvant chemotherapy is employed, which refers to the initial use of chemotherapy in patients with localized cancer in order to reduce tumor burden, there by rendering local therapy (surgery or radiotherapy) more effective. A common procedure in human cancer therapy is combination chemotherapy that refers to the parallel or sequential use of several different antineoplastic agents in order to enhance their effectiveness. Combining chemotherapy with targeted therapies is an investigational approach under development. This chapter presents a comprehensive overview of the use of chemotherapeutics and targeted agents in the treatment of urologic malignancies.

Keywords

Bladder Cancer Radical Cystectomy Testicular Cancer Penile Cancer Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hendrik Van Poppel
    • 1
  • Filip Ameye
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospitals Leuven, Campus GasthuisbergLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.University of Hospital Gasthuisberg, Katholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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