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Embryology for Urologists

  • Bernhard T. Mittemeyer
  • Allan L. HaynesJr.
Chapter
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)

Abstract

The embryology of the genito-urinary tract is fascinating and is an integral part of our daily practice. As practitioners of our “art” we generally do not think of the underlying embryological development until we see a problem. In fact, as clinicians and surgeons in both our adult and pediatric practice, we often, if not daily, hear about, see in consultation, care for, or operate on patients with problems that have an embryological anomalous basis. Unfortunately, most of us were glad when “embryology” was behind us and while we generally know how to correct the problem we do not really recall how or why it occurred.

Keywords

Ejaculatory Duct Renal Agenesis Imperforate Anus Ureteral Orifice Prostatic Urethra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

We would like to acknowledge the wonderful illustrations provided by Tom Mittemeyer. The illustrations provided give a visual, graphic picture and they fully illustrate the textual content.

References

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    Netter FH. CIBA Collection of Medical Illustrations, The Reproductive System, vol 2. Summit, NJ: Ciba Pharmaceutical Company; 1954Google Scholar
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    Netter FH. CIBA Collection of Medical Illustrations, Kidneys, Ureters, and Urinary Bladder, vol 6. Summit, NJ: Ciba Pharmaceutical Company; 1973Google Scholar
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    Patten BM. Human Embryology. 3rd ed. New York: The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company; 1968Google Scholar
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    Sadler TW. Langman’s Medical Embryology. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1999Google Scholar
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    Schoenwolf GC, Francis-West PH, Brauer PR, Bleyl SB. Larsen’s Human Embryology. 4th ed. London: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2008Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernhard T. Mittemeyer
    • 1
  • Allan L. HaynesJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyTexas Tech University Health Sciences Center, School of MedicineLubbockUSA

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