Regional Musculoskeletal Complaints

  • Joseph J. Biundo
  • W. Neal Roberts
  • Atul Deodhar


This chapter is divided into sections based upon the anatomic sites: shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, coccyx, hip, knee, ankle, and foot. Before focusing on specific musculoskeletal regions, however, we provide one introductory Pearl and then some general comments on the performance of arthro-centesis and joint injection. Some specific pointers on arthro-centesis and the injection of individual joints are found within the appropriate section. Introductory Pearl: “ The number of rheumatologists doing procedures equals the number of different ways of performing them… ” (Gardner 2007). Comment: It is true: there are many ways to skin a cat, and there are also many ways to perform most of the procedures described in this chapter. The preferences of the authors are emphasized herein, but other approaches may also work.


Synovial Fluid Rotator Cuff Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Plantar Fasciitis Piriformis Muscle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph J. Biundo
    • 1
  • W. Neal Roberts
    • 2
  • Atul Deodhar
    • 3
  1. 1.Tulane University Health Science CenterMetairieUSA
  2. 2.Medical College of VirginiaDepartment of Internal Medicine 11th & MarshallRichmond
  3. 3.Oregon Health Sciences UniversityDivision of RheumatologyPortland

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