Advertisement

Human Reliability Analysis in Large-scale Digital Control Systems

  • Jae Whan Kim
Chapter
  • 1.1k Downloads
Part of the Springer Series in Reliability Engineering book series (RELIABILITY)

Abstract

The reliability of human operators, which are basic parts of large-scale systems along with hardware and software, is introduced in Part III. A review of historic methods for human reliability analyses is presented in Chapter 7. The human factors engineering process to design a human-machine interface (HMI) is introduced in Chapter 8. Human and software reliability are difficult to completely analyze. The analysis may not guarantee the system against human errors. Strict human factors engineering is applied when designing human-machine systems, especially safety critical systems, to enhance human reliability. A new system for human performance evaluation, that was developed at KAIST, is introduced in Chapter 9. Measuring human performance is an indispensable activity for both human reliability analysis and human factors engineering.

Keywords

Failure Probability Human Error Task Step Diagnosis Failure Human Factor Engineering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Bogner MS (1994) Human error in medicine. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Reason J (1990) Human error. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Dougherty EM, Fragola JR (1998) Human reliability analysis: a systems engineering approach with nuclear power plant applications. John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Kirwan B (1994) A guide to practical human reliability assessment. Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    IAEA (1995) Human reliability analysis in probabilistic safety assessment for nuclear power plants. Safety series no.50, Vienna.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Julius JA, Jorgenson EJ, Parry GW, Mosleh AM (1996) Procedure for the analysis of errors of commission during non-power modes of nuclear power plant operation. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 53: 139-154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Dougherty E (1992) Human reliability analysis - where shouldst thou turn? Reliability Engineering and System Safety 29: 283-299.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Swain A, Guttmann HE (1983) Handbook of human reliability analysis with emphasis on nuclear power plant applications. NUREG/CR-1278, US NRC.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Hannaman GW, Spurgin AJ, Lukic YD (1984) Human cognitive reliability model for PRA analysis. NUS-4531, Electric Power Research Institute.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Embrey DE, Humphreys P, Rosa EA, Kirwan B, Rea K (1984) SLIM-MAUD: an approach to assessing human error probabilities using structured expert judgment. NUREG/CR-3518, US NRC.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Williams JC (1988) A data-based method for assessing and reducing human error to improve operational performance. Proceedings of the IEEE Fourth Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants, Monterey, California.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Hollnagel E (1998) Cognitive reliability and error analysis method (CREAM). Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Barriere M, Bley D, Cooper S, Forester J, Kolaczkowski A, Luckas W, Parry G, Ramey-Smith A, Thompson C, Whitehead D, Wreathall J (2000) Technical basis and implementation guideline for a technique for human event analysis (ATHEANA). NUREG-1624, Rev. 1, US NRC.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Kim J, Jung W, Park J (2005) A systematic approach to analysing errors of commission from diagnosis failure in accident progression. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 89: 137-150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Kim J, Jung W, Son Y (2007) The MDTA-based method for assessing diagnosis failures and their risk impacts in nuclear power plants. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 93: 337-349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Rasmussen J (1983) Skills, rules, and knowledge; signals, signs, and symbols, and other distinctions in human performance models. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 13: 257-266.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Hollnagel E (1993) Human reliability analysis: context and control. London, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Hollnagel E, Cacciabue PC (1991) Cognitive modelling in system simulation. Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Cognitive Science Approaches to Process Control. Cardiff.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Annett J, Duncan KD (1967) Task analysis and training design. Occupational Psychology 41: 211-221.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Stanton NA (2006) Hierarchical task analysis: developments, applications and extensions, Applied Ergonomics 37: 55-79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Kemeny J (1979) The need for change: report of the President’s commission on the accident at TMI. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Meyer OR, Hill SG, Steinke WF (1993) Studies of human performance during operating events: 1990-1992. NUREG/CR-5953, US NRC.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    MacDonald PE, Shah VN, Ward LW, Ellison PG (1996) Steam generator tube failures. NUREG/CR-6365, US NRC.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Grobbelaar J, Julius J (2003) Guidelines for performing human reliability analyses. Draft Report.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Min K, Chang SC (2002) Reliability study: KSNPP engineered safety feature actuation system. KAERI/TR-2165, KAERI.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    USNRC (1998) Guidelines on modeling common-cause failures in probabilistic risk assessment. NUREG/CR-5485, US NRC.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Wickens C, Hollands J (2000) Engineering psychology and human performance. Prentice-Hall Inc.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Mosneron-Dupin F, Reer B, Heslinga G, Straeter O, Gerdes V, Saliou G, Ullwer W (1997) Human-centered modeling in human reliability analysis: some trends based on case studies. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 58: 249-274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Julius J, Jorgenson E, Parry GW, Mosleh AM (1995) A procedure for the analysis of errors of commission in a probabilistic safety assessment of a nuclear power plant at full power. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 50: 189-201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Wakefield DJ (1988) Application of the human cognitive reliability model and confusion matrix approach in a probabilistic risk assessment. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 22: 295-312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer London 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae Whan Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Integrated Safety Assessment DivisionKorea Atomic Energy Research InstituteDaejeonKorea, Republic of

Personalised recommendations