Basic Techniques in Retroperitoneoscopy

  • M. Ramalingam
  • K. Selvarajan
  • K. Senthil

Retroperitoneum is a familiar space for all urologists. John Wickham in 1979 was the first to perform retroperitoneoscopy to remove a ureteric stone. After a long period of 10 to 12 years it became a viable alternative to the transperitoneal approach, after being popularized by Ralph Clayman [2]. D.D. Gaur [3–6] developed the new concept of using a balloon to distend the retroperitoneal space (RPS) before pneumoinsufflation, which is widely practiced now. A variety of retroperitoneal balloons were later designed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ramalingam
    • 1
  • K. Selvarajan
    • 2
  • K. Senthil
    • 3
  1. 1.K.G. Hospital and Post Graduate InstituteG. Kuppusamy Naidu Memorial HospitalCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Paediatric SurgeryK.G. Hospital and Postgraduate InstituteCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Gowtham AnnexeCoimbatoreIndia

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