Basic Techniques in Retroperitoneoscopy
Retroperitoneum is a familiar space for all urologists. John Wickham in 1979 was the first to perform retroperitoneoscopy to remove a ureteric stone. After a long period of 10 to 12 years it became a viable alternative to the transperitoneal approach, after being popularized by Ralph Clayman . D.D. Gaur [3–6] developed the new concept of using a balloon to distend the retroperitoneal space (RPS) before pneumoinsufflation, which is widely practiced now. A variety of retroperitoneal balloons were later designed.
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