Hyperreflexic or noncompliant urinary bladders are a threat to the upper tract. Sometimes these patients are symptomatic. Those who are refractory to medical treatment require augmentation. Conventionally ileum is the commonest segment used for augmentation. But when bowel is used there may be problems such as mucus production and metabolic abnormalities. Hence the best tissue to augment the bladder is urothelial tissue. So whenever a grossly dilated ureter is available, it can be utilized to augment the bladder [1–7].
KeywordsDistal Ureter Ureteric Orifice Dilate Ureter Functioning Kidney Pelvic Brim
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Desai MM, Gill IS, Goel M, et al (2003) Ureteral tissue balloon expansion for laparoscopic bladder augmentation: survival study. J Endo Urol 17:283–293.Google Scholar