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Primary or secondary nonmalignant extrinsic ureteral obstruction can be managed by open or laparoscopic ureterolysis [1–3].

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References

  1. 1.
    Ishitoya S, Okubo K, Arai Y (1996) Laparoscopic ureterolysis for retrocaval ureter. Br J Urol 77:155–168.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kavoussi LR, Clayman RV, Brunt LM, Soper NJ (1992) Laparoscopic ureterolysis. J Urol 147(2):426–429.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mattelaer P, Boeckmann W, Brauers A, Wolff JM, Jakes G (1996) Laparoscopic ureterolysis in retroperitoneal fibrosis. Acta Urol Belg 64(4):15–18.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjay B. Kulkarni
    • 1
  1. 1.Kulkarni Endosurgery Institute and Reconstructive Urology CentrePuneIndia

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