Continence pp 53-63 | Cite as

Pelvic Floor Prolapse: Cause and Effect



Pelvic floor prolapse or pelvic organ prolapse (POP) (Fig. 5.1) is a common but poorly understood condition affecting millions of women worldwide. In the United States, the lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for POP or urinary incontinence is estimated to be 11%, and nearly 30% of these patients require another operation for recurrence [1]. The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) data revealed that approximately 40% of women had some form of POP [2]. This difference in rates of prolapse between surgical patients and patients being seen for routine gynecologic examinations reflects the often asymptomatic presentation of prolapse [3]. Understanding the progression of this disease may allow clinicians to apply more appropriate treatment to patients depending on the etiology of their prolapse and their symptoms. Despite the prevalence of POP, little is known regarding the mechanism for development and natural history of the disease. Much of this stems from the lack of a clear...


Urinary Incontinence Pelvic Floor Stress Urinary Incontinence Pelvic Organ Prolapse Sexual Dysfunction 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGood Samaritan HospitalCincinnatiUSA

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