General Principles of Cystourethroscopy
As a form of minimally invasive surgery, endoscopy of the lower genitourinary tract of the pediatric patient can achieve diagnostic and therapeutic goals for a broad range of pathological entities. Advances in instrumentation have permitted endoscopic treatment of even premature infants and in utero fetal surgery.1 This chapter focuses on general principles of pediatric cystourethroscopy. The reader is referred to other chapters for more detailed discussions of the management of other clinical entities.
KeywordsBladder Neck Urethral Stricture Indigo Carmine Posterior Urethral Valve Ureteral Orifice
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