General Principles of Cystourethroscopy

  • Linda A. Baker


As a form of minimally invasive surgery, endoscopy of the lower genitourinary tract of the pediatric patient can achieve diagnostic and therapeutic goals for a broad range of pathological entities. Advances in instrumentation have permitted endoscopic treatment of even premature infants and in utero fetal surgery.1 This chapter focuses on general principles of pediatric cystourethroscopy. The reader is referred to other chapters for more detailed discussions of the management of other clinical entities.


Bladder Neck Urethral Stricture Indigo Carmine Posterior Urethral Valve Ureteral Orifice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Welsh A et al. Fetal cystoscopy in the management of fetal obstructive uropathy: experience in a single European centre. Prenat Diagn 2003;23(13):1033–1041.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mitchell ME. Close CE. Early primary valve ablation for posterior urethral valves. Semin Pediatr Surg 1996;5(1):66–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coplen DE. Management of the neonatal ureterocele. Curr Urol Rep 2001;2(2):102–105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bhatnagar V et al. Fulguration of posterior urethral valves using the Nd:YAG laser. Pediatr Surg Int 2000;16(1–2):69–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zaontz MR, Gibbons MD. An antegrade technique for ablation of posterior urethral valves. J Urol 1984; 132(5):982–984.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda A. Baker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at DallasDallasUSA

Personalised recommendations