Intersex and Laparoscopy

  • Chris P. Kimber
  • John M. Hutson


Significant intersex anomalies occur in up to 1 in 5,000 live born infants. These anomalies are caused by the following factors:1
  1. 1.
    Anomalies predictable by endocrine principles and these include defects in
    1. a.

      genetic sexual determination

    2. b.

      gonadal differentiation

    3. c.

      hormonal production and action.

  2. 2.
    Anomalies not predictable by endocrine principles
    1. a.

      morphological disorders of the perineum.



Gonadal Dysgenesis Mullerian Duct Live Born Infant Genetic Sexual Determination Streak Gonad 
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  1. 1.
    Low Y, Hutson JM. Murdoch Childrens Research Institute Sex Study Group. Rules for clinical diagnosis in babies with ambiguous genitalia. J Paediatr Child Health 2003;39(6):406–413.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yu TJ, Shu K, Kung Fi et al. Use of laparoscopy in intersex patients. J Urol 1995;154(3):1193–1196.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Heloury Y, Plattner V. Lapaoscopy and Intersex. In: Bax NMA, Najmaldin A, Valla JS (eds). Endoscopic Surgery in Children. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hrabovszky Z, Hutson JM. Surgical treatment of intersexabnormalities: a review. Surgery 2002;131(1): 92–104.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris P. Kimber
    • 1
  • John M. Hutson
    • 2
  1. 1.Paediatric Surgery and Paediatric Urology Southern HealthMonash Medical CentreMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryRoyal Children’s HospitalParkvilleAustralia

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