Laparoscopy in Children: Basic Principles
Minimal access surgery (MAS) in children is advancing, and the use of a video endoscope has entered all the surgical disciplines for children. Refinements of instrumentation have empowered surgeons, so that size and weight are no longer considered contraindications to an MAS approach. The pioneering era has passed, and virtually all procedures that could possibly be performed by an MAS technique in children have been accomplished. Further refinements will make the majority of these procedures the gold standard, but much work remains to be done and the evidence base needs consolidating.
KeywordsIliac Crest Retroperitoneal Approach Minimal Access Surgery Port Site Herniation Working Port
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