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Biodegradable Orthopedic Implants

  • Hansoo Park
  • Johnna S. Temenoff
  • Antonios G. Mikos
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Bone Biology book series (TBB, volume 3)

Abstract

Over the past 30 years, there have been significant advances in the development of biodegradable materials [79]. In particular, these materials have received attention for use as implants to aid regeneration of orthopedic defects [49, 91]. Every year more than 3.1 million orthopedic surgeries are performed in the United States alone [1]. However, although current treatments using nondegradable fixation materials have proven efficacious, tissue-engineering approaches with biodegradable implants are being considered as promising future alternatives [8, 49]. One possible advantage of these systems is that biodegradable implants can be engineered to provide temporary support for bone fractures, and because they can degrade at a rate matching new tissue formation, their use can eliminate the need for a second surgery [49].

Keywords

Tissue Engineering Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Interference Screw Biomed Mater Cartilage Tissue Engineering 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hansoo Park
    • 1
  • Johnna S. Temenoff
    • 1
  • Antonios G. Mikos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringRice UniversityHoustonUSA

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