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Enuresis and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children

  • Oscar Sans CapdevilaEmail author
  • Maria Eugenia Russi Delfraro
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem, affecting an estimated 5 to 7 million children in the United States alone and occurring three times more often in boys than in girls. Nocturnal enuresis is clinically and pathogenetically a heterogeneous disorder. A significant correlation between enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing has been described in the last decade, with a high prevalence of enuresis in those patients. It seems clear that increased upper airway resistance during sleep manifesting either as habitual snoring (HS) or as polysomnographically documented obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA), increases the risk of enuresis. Most importantly, after successful treatment of the respiratory disorder during sleep, bedwetting can be reduced or even eliminated. The goal of this chapter is to review the epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology (specially the link with sleep disordered breathing), treatment and future areas of research for nocturnal enuresis.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Detrusor Overactivity Nocturnal Enuresis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar Sans Capdevila
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Eugenia Russi Delfraro
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Sleep Medicine, Pediatric NeurologyHospital Sant Joan de Déu, Passeig de Sant Joan de DéuBarcelonaSpain

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