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Metabolic Consequences of Sleep Disorders

  • David GozalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

In parallel with the explosive increase in obesity rates among children, exploration of potential associations between sleep and obesity has been now extensively pursued, particularly in the wake of our increased understanding of sleep and circadian clocks as critical metabolic regulators. In this chapter, I initially examine some of the evidence on such proposed associations. The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obese children is also anticipated to be deleterious to global health outcomes and life expectancy, and among such consequences, it can increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea, and such issue is therefore critically assessed as well. Since both conditions can be viewed as low-grade inflammatory disorders, coexistence of obesity and sleep apnea could further interact to amplify their putative effects on metabolic regulation.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Obese Child Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

David Gozal is supported by National Institutes of Health grants HL-65270 and HL-086662.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children’s Hospital, Pritzker School of MedicineThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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