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Epilepsy, Headache, and Sleep-Disordered Breathing

  • Martina VendrameEmail author
  • Sanjeev V. Kothare
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

This chapter will discuss the connections between headaches and ­epilepsy in sleep-disordered breathing. In both adults and in children suffering from sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), headaches are a common complaint, and headache itself may be the presenting feature of obstructing sleep apnea (OSA). OSA has been found in children complaining of early morning headaches and as well as in specific headache syndromes, including migraine and tension-type headaches. Overall, the prevalence of OSA in patients with headache has been reported between 54% and 89%. In general, the most common complaints among the pediatric population with epilepsy have been related to poor quality sleep and anxieties about sleep resulting in excessive daytime sleepiness. Different aspects of epilepsy, such as use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), seizure frequency, and sleep-related seizures, may be possible contributing factors to sleep disturbances; however, some studies have found that OSA per se can be the sole predictor for daytime sleepiness in patients with epilepsy. Retrospective and prospective studies in children and adults have shown that up to 63% of patients with epilepsy are affected by SDB.

Keywords

Obstruct Sleep Apnea Sleep Disorder Cluster Headache Vagus Nerve Stimulation Rett Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyBoston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of NeurologyChildren’s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders, Department of NeurologyChildren’s Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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