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Children with Neuromuscular Disorders

  • Aviv D. GoldbartEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Neuromuscular disorders (NMD) in children include a diverse group of diseases with different etiologies including muscular dystrophies, disorders of the neuromuscular junction, congenital and metabolic myopathies, peripheral neuropathies, and anterior horn cell disease. Patients with NMD are particularly vulnerable to sleep-related dysfunction. Sleep-disordered breathing often precedes diurnal respiratory failure in NMD patients, requiring timely recognition and management with noninvasive ventilation (NIV). This chapter reviews the mechanisms, diagnostic evaluation, and management of various neuromuscular diseases, with emphasis on nocturnal breathing problems.

Keywords

Muscular Dystrophy Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Neuromuscular Disease Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Myotonic Dystrophy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sleep Wake Disorders Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Saban Pediatric CenterSoroka University Medical CenterBeer-ShevaIsrael

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