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Anxiety and Depression

  • Vincent S. Fan
  • Nicholas D. Giardino
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that depression and anxiety are important comorbidities in COPD, and are associated with a number of adverse outcomes including worse health-related quality of life, an increased risk of exacerbations, and a higher mortality. The burden of depression in COPD is higher than in the general population, and many patients remain undiagnosed. Although treatment of depression and anxiety may include medications or pharmacotherapy, many patients with depressive symptoms do not receive treatment.

Keywords

Depression Anxiety COPD Comorbidity Quality of life Exacerbation Mortality Diagnosis Medication Pharmacotherapy Treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, VA Puget Sound Health Care SystemUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare SystemUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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