Epidemiology of Tinnitus in Children
- Claudia Barros CoelhoAffiliated withDepartment of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of IowaGrupo de Pesquisa em Otologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre Email author
Children experience tinnitus and might present similar suffering as observed in adults but they rarely mention the symptom unless directly asked about it.
Difficulty on concentration, sleeping, hearing, leisure activities, sports practice, and hyperacusis are the most frequent complaints associated to tinnitus in children.
Only a few population studies have been performed and have disclosed prevalence rates from 6% to 59%. Many factors might be implicated in the large inter-study variability of tinnitus prevalence in children.
Age, gender, hearing loss, motion sickness, hyperacusis, and noise exposure have been suggested as risk factors to development of tinnitus in children.
A proper model to investigate children should be developed for the purpose of obtaining accurate information about the prevalence of tinnitus in children.
Preventive measures should aim at hearing education about the risk of hearing loss and tinnitus. Prevention of noise exposure should be promoted as early as possible.
KeywordsTinnitus Epidemiology Children Hyperacusis Preventive measures Sleep
- Epidemiology of Tinnitus in Children
- Book Title
- Textbook of Tinnitus
- Book Part
- Part I
- pp 39-45
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
- Additional Links
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- Editor Affiliations
- 1. School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas
- 2. Department of Psychiatry Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Regensburg
- 3. BRAI2N/TRI Tinnitus Clinic and Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Antwerp
- 4. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg
- Claudia Barros Coelho (1) (2)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
- 2. Grupo de Pesquisa em Otologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Posto Alegre, RS, Brazil
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