The Neurosurgeon

  • Dirk De RidderEmail author


  1. 1.

    Neurosurgeons can contribute in a similar fashion to treatments of tinnitus as they currently do in pain treatment.

  2. 2.

    Neurosurgeons should collaborate with other clinicians and basic neuroscientists to help elucidate the pathophysiology of tinnitus.

  3. 3.

    Invasive neuromodulation can be helpful in selected forms of intractable tinnitus.

  4. 4.

    Different intracranial pathologies exist that can cause tinnitus amenable to surgical treatment, both of the non-pulsatile and of the pulsatile type.

  5. 5.

    Non-pulsatile tinnitus can be considered analogous to pain and results from changes in neural networks of the brain.

  6. 6.

    Pulsatile tinnitus is mostly related to anomalies of blood vessels in and around the brain.


Key words

Tinnitus Neurosurgeon Tinnitus Pulsatile Non-pulsatile Neurosurgery Neuromodulation 



Cerebellopontine angle


Cerebrospinal fluid


Ear nose and throat


Gray (unit of absorbed radiation)


Magnetic resonance imaging


Transcranial magnetic stimulation


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BRAI2N and Department of Neurosurgery, TRI Tinnitus Clinic AntwerpUniversity of AntwerpEdegemBelgium

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