Tinnitus from the Perspective of the Psychologist

  • Karoline V. GreimelEmail author
  • Birgit Kröner-Herwig


  1. 1.

    Tinnitus is always both a medical and a psycho­logical phenomenon.

  2. 2.

    A medical condition might be responsible for the emergence of tinnitus, but psychological factors play an important role in individual processing of inner noises.

  3. 3.

    Characteristics of tinnitus-like loudness do not determine the tinnitus-related distress.

  4. 4.

    The primary goal of psychological interventions is to promote habituation and to improve the patient’s ability to reduce the impact of tinnitus on the quality of life.

  5. 5.
    Psychological approaches offer:
    1. (a)

      Diagnostic assessment

    2. (b)

      Management of tinnitus

  6. 6.

    Psychological interventions should be an integral part of tinnitus management and not be made dependent on existence of a mental disorder.

  7. 7.

    Early referrals to a psychologist are desirable to conduct a thorough assessment of tinnitus-related complaints and to undertake a comprehensive functional analysis of the problem.



Tinnitus Psychological assessment Psychoeducation Psychological treatment Multiprofessional team 



Cognitive behavioral treatment


Central nervous system


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Salzburg University HospitalSalzburgAustria

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