• Aage R. MøllerEmail author


Tinnitus can affect the entire life of an individual, can prevent intellectual work, and impair the quality of life in general; in some instances, tinnitus can cause suicide. Severe tinnitus is often accompanied by hyperacusis and affective disorders such as phonophobia and depression.


Tinnitus Objective tinnitus Subjective tinnitus Impact of tinnitus Treatment Neural ­plasticity Hyperacusis Phonophobia 



Central nervous system




Periaquaductal gray


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Behavioral and Brain SciencesThe University of Texas at DallasRichardsonUSA

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