Radiofrequency Ablation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • E. Ramsay Camp
  • Nestor F. Esnaola
  • Steven A. Curley


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent primary hepatic tumor and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. The incidence continues to rise worldwide due to its association with hepatitis B and C viral infections. Cirrhosis is present concurrently with HCC in approximately 90% of the identified cases [1, 2]. Furthermore, the incidence of HCC increases with the severity of cirrhosis. Follow-up studies have identified HCC as one of the most common causes of death in the cirrhotic patient [3, 4]. The management of HCC, therefore, is based both on the stage of the malignancy and on the underlying functional status of the liver. Local tumor ablative techniques remain a reasonable treatment consideration for patients with disease confined to the liver who are not candidates for resection or transplantation.


Radiofrequency ablation HCC treatment strategy Open RFA laparoscopic RFA RFA outcomes HCC 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Ramsay Camp
    • 1
  • Nestor F. Esnaola
    • 1
  • Steven A. Curley
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgical OncologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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