• Joseph F. Hawumba
  • Peter Sseruwagi
  • Yung-Tse Hung
  • Lawrence K. Wang
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 11)


Environmental pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAs), polychlorinated biphenyl’s (PCBs), pesticides, petroleum hydrocarbons, and heavy metals are released into the environment, where they cause deleterious effects to wildlife and humans, owing to their inertness and being recalcitrant. However, the existence of microorganisms and plants capable of utilizing or accumulating such compounds has made the applications of such organisms in cleaning up of the environment a workable strategy. Therefore, Bioremediation (the application of bacteria and fungi) and Phytoremediation (the application of plants) to clean-up the environment are the two feasible and safe approaches that offer promise regarding environmental reclamation and sustainable use.


Heavy Metal Chemical Oxygen Demand Activate Sludge Biochemical Oxygen Demand Petroleum Hydrocarbon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph F. Hawumba
    • 1
  • Peter Sseruwagi
    • 2
  • Yung-Tse Hung
    • 3
  • Lawrence K. Wang
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Biochemistry DepartmentMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  2. 2.National Agricultural Research LaboratoriesKawandaUganda
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Lenox Institute of Water TechnologyLenoxUSA
  5. 5.Krofta Engineering CorporationLenoxUSA
  6. 6.Zorex CorporationNewtonvilleUSA

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