Heavy Metal Removal by Crops from Land Application of Sludge

  • Ab. Aziz bin Abd. Latiff
  • Ahmad Tarmizi bin Abdul Karim
  • Mohd. Baharudin Bin Ridzuan
  • David Eng Chuan Yeoh
  • Yung-Tse Hung
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 11)


This chapter describes the application of phytoremediation in removing heavy metals from contaminated soils. The types of crops used as well as the characteristics and application of sludge in Malaysia are described. The standards and regulations of sludge application are also discussed. The chapter gives a detailed discussion of principles of phytoremediation and design parameters used in the design of the treatment systems. Moreover, a few case studies and design examples are covered in the chapter.


Heavy Metal Sewage Sludge Heavy Metal Content Brassica Juncea Bermuda Grass 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ab. Aziz bin Abd. Latiff
    • 1
  • Ahmad Tarmizi bin Abdul Karim
    • 1
  • Mohd. Baharudin Bin Ridzuan
    • 1
  • David Eng Chuan Yeoh
    • 2
  • Yung-Tse Hung
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Water Resource and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)Batu PahatMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Structures and Material EngineeringUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)Batu PahatMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

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