Biological Wastewater Treatment of Nutrient-Deficient Tomato-Processing and Bean-Processing Wastewater

  • George Nakhla
  • Zhongda Xu
  • Alpesh Gohil
  • Andrew Lugowski
  • Yung-Tse Hung
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 11)


A pilot-scale anaerobic/aerobic ultrafiltration system and a bench-scale anaerobic/aerobic system were tested to treat high-strength tomato-processing wastewater and bean-processing wastewater. The anaerobic/aerobic pilot-scale system achieved 99.4% SBOD removal, 91.9% NH3-N removal, and 100% phosphorus removal at an overall hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1.5 days and solids retention time (SRT) of 5 days during the tomato canning season. The bench-scale anaerobic/aerobic system was used to confirm the pilot-scale anaerobic/aerobic system performance. Wastewater fractionation and kinetic coefficients were studied using respirometric methods.


Chemical Oxygen Demand Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal Organic Loading Rate Aeration Tank Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Nakhla
    • 1
  • Zhongda Xu
    • 2
  • Alpesh Gohil
    • 3
  • Andrew Lugowski
    • 3
  • Yung-Tse Hung
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.American Structurepoint Inc.IndianapolisUSA
  3. 3.Bantrel Co.MississaugaCanada
  4. 4.CRA Consulting EngineersWaterlooCanada

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