Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment

  • Azni Idris
  • Abdul Ghani Liew Abdullah
  • Yung-Tse Hung
  • Lawrence K. Wang
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 11)


This chapter discusses the use of natural and constructed wetlands for treatment of wastewaters. Mechanisms of treatment processes for wetlands were described. Function, roles, types, and selection of wetland plants were discussed. This chapter also covers design, monitoring, and maintenance of wetland treatment systems for wastewater. Case studies in Malaysia and UK were discussed.


Chemical Oxygen Demand Hydraulic Retention Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand Nitrogen Removal Wetland Plant 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azni Idris
    • 1
  • Abdul Ghani Liew Abdullah
    • 2
  • Yung-Tse Hung
    • 3
  • Lawrence K. Wang
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSelangor Darul EhsanMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Lenox Institute of Water TechnologyLenoxUSA
  5. 5.Krofta Engineering CorporationLenoxUSA
  6. 6.Zorex CorporationNewtonvilleUSA

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