Treatment and Disposal of Biosolids

  • Svetlana Yu. Selivanovskaya
  • Saniya K. Zaripova
  • Venera Z. Latypova
  • Yung-Tse Hung
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 11)


Biosolids management begins with its generation and continues through sludge treatment and sludge use and disposal. A wide variety of sludge treatment processes are used. The discussion is focused on biological methods of biosolids treatment. Most commonly, domestic wastewater sludge is biologically stabilized as a liquid in anaerobic digesters from which methane gas is a byproduct. Liquid sludge can also be treated in aerobic digesters to which oxygen (or air) must be added. Composting is a process that biologically stabilizes dewatered sludge. Several methods are widely employed to use or dispose of biosolids: land application, distribution and marketing, landfilling, and incineration.


Sewage Sludge Anaerobic Digestion Volatile Solid Compost Process Land Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetlana Yu. Selivanovskaya
    • 1
  • Saniya K. Zaripova
    • 2
  • Venera Z. Latypova
    • 1
  • Yung-Tse Hung
    • 3
  1. 1.Applied Ecology DepartmentKazan State UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Microbiology DepartmentKazan State UniversityKazanRussia
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA

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