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Neuromuscular Rehabilitation

  • Nancy E. Strauss
  • Shikha Sethi
  • Stanley J. Myers

Abstract

Neuromuscular disease refers to any genetic, metabolic, or acquired dysfunction intrinsic to nerve or muscle. A motor unit (Fig. 1) is the smallest functional unit of the motor system and consists of a motor neuron, its axon, and all the muscle fibers innervated by the axon. Neuromuscular disease can be organized as the study of pathologies affecting one of the following four parts of the anatomic nerve-muscle cascade:
  1. 1.

    Diseases of the motor neuron.

     
  2. 2.

    Diseases of peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathies).

     
  3. 3.

    Neuromuscular junction disorders.

     
  4. 4.

    Disorders of muscle (myopathies).

     

Keywords

Spinal Muscular Atrophy Motor Neuron Disease Myotonic Dystrophy Lower Motor Neuron Anterior Horn Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy E. Strauss
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shikha Sethi
    • 4
  • Stanley J. Myers
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York
  2. 2.New York
  3. 3.New York-Presbyterian HospitalThe University Hospital of Columbia and CornellNew York
  4. 4.Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, New York-Presbyterian HospitalThe University Hospital of Columbia and CornellNew York
  5. 5.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineColumbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York
  6. 6.Clinical Rehabilitation MedicineWeill Medical College of Cornell University, New York-Presbyterian HospitalNew York

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