Advertisement

Medical Conditions Caused by Arthropod Stings or Bites

  • Jerome Goddard
Part of the Infectious Disease book series (ID)

Abstract

Arthropods cause a wide variety of clinical conditions in humans, but especially skin lesions, because people are inevitably exposed to biting and stinging organisms in the urban and suburban environment (1–4). Skin lesions resulting from arthropod exposure may arise via various pathologic pathways, such as direct damage to tissue, hypersensitivity reactions to venom or saliva, or infectious disease. The subject of hypersensitivity reactions is outside the scope of this volume, but even in the absence of allergic reactions to venom or saliva, much human morbidity is the result of direct effects (injury) of arthropod biting/stinging. Direct injury can occur from mouthparts or stingers piercing human skin (5). In addition, secondary infections may result from bacteria entering the skin via the bite/sting punctum. This is especially likely if the bite/sting site is scratched extensively. As discussed in Part II, many vector-borne infectious diseases can produce skin lesions such as rash, ulcers, or eschar.

Keywords

Venom Gland Suburban Environment Bite Site Stinging Wasp Scabies Mite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Alexander JO. Arthropods and Human Skin. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allington HV, Allington RR. Insect bites. J Ar Med Assoc 1954; 155: 240–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Frazier CA. Diagnosis of bites and stings. Cutis 1968; 4: 845–850.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goddard J. Physician’s Guide to Arthropods of Medical Importance, 2nd Ed. CRC, Boca Raton, FL, 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goddard J. Direct injury from arthropods. Lab Med 1994; 25: 365–371.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    CDC. Necrotic arachnidism—Pacific Northwest. CDC, MMWR. 1996; 45: 433–436.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kemp ED. Bites and stings of the arthropod kind. Postgrad Med 1998; 103: 88.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerome Goddard
    • 1
  1. 1.Mississippi Department of HealthUniversity of Mississippi Medical CenterJacksonUSA

Personalised recommendations