Magnetic Resonance-Guided Prostate Biopsy
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The goal of a cancer detection program is to detect and diagnose cancer at an early, treatable stage. Prostate cancer is routinely diagnosed by needle biopsy after the detection of either an abnormal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level or a palpable nodule in the gland. The current standard method to obtain the tissue diagnosis is to sample the prostate gland using transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging guidance. Although this method is the standard clinical approach, this chapter will describe a novel diagnostic method using magnetic resonance imaging guidance that is currently being evaluated in a prospective National Cancer Institute clinical trial.
KeywordsBenign Prostatic Hyperplasia Prostate Gland Peripheral Zone Endorectal Coil Deformable Registration
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