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Bioenergy Economics and Policy in US and Brazil: Effects on Land Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • Madhu KhannaEmail author
  • David Zilberman
Chapter
  • 618 Downloads
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 40)

Abstract

Biofuel production expanded dramatically in the US and Brazil in the last decade but has begun to plateau. The accompanying increase in prices of food crops and its potential to lead to land use changes has led to skepticism about the greenhouse gas mitigation potential of biofuels. Chapters in this book discuss the policy and market drivers for biofuel production and the conceptual and empirical issues in assessing the greenhouse gas intensity of biofuels. Models used to quantify the greenhouse gas impact of biofuels are described. Lastly, the economic considerations that will drive adoption of second generation biofuels from cellulosic feedstocks and their implications for the design of contracts and a supply chain for biomass are discussed.

Keywords

Biofuel Production Energy Crop Life Cycle Analysis Biofuel Industry Policy Uncertainty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Barr, K. J., B. A. Babcock, M. A. Carriquiry, A. M. Nassar, and L. Harfuch. 2011. Agricultural Land Elasticities in the United States and Brazil. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 33(3):449−462.Google Scholar
  2. Dwivedi, P., W. Wang, T. Hudiburg, D. Jaiswal, W. Parton, S. Long, E. DeLucia, and M. Khanna. 2015. Cost of Abating Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Cellulosic Ethanol. Environmental Science and Technology 49(4):2512−2522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hudiburg, T.W., W. Wang, M. Khanna, S. P. Long, P. Dwivedi, W. J. Parton, M. Hartmann, and E.H. DeLucia. 2016. Forthcoming. Impacts of a 32 Billion Gallon Bioenergy Landscape on Land and Fossil Fuel use in the US. Nature Energy 1, 15005. doi: 10.1038/nenergy.2015.5.
  4. Khanna, M and C.L. Crago. 2012. Measuring Indirect Land Use Change with Biofuels: Implications for Policy. Annual Review of Resource Economics 4:161−26. doi: 10.1146/annurev-resource-110811-114523.
  5. Searchinger, T., R. Heimlich, R.A. Houghton, F. Dong, A. Elodeid, J. Fabiosa, S. Tokgoz, D. Hayes, and T.-H. Yu. 2008. Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change. Science 319(5867):1238–1240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Consumer EconomicsUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Resource EconomicsUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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