Bioenergy Economics and Policy in US and Brazil: Effects on Land Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
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Biofuel production expanded dramatically in the US and Brazil in the last decade but has begun to plateau. The accompanying increase in prices of food crops and its potential to lead to land use changes has led to skepticism about the greenhouse gas mitigation potential of biofuels. Chapters in this book discuss the policy and market drivers for biofuel production and the conceptual and empirical issues in assessing the greenhouse gas intensity of biofuels. Models used to quantify the greenhouse gas impact of biofuels are described. Lastly, the economic considerations that will drive adoption of second generation biofuels from cellulosic feedstocks and their implications for the design of contracts and a supply chain for biomass are discussed.
KeywordsBiofuel Production Energy Crop Life Cycle Analysis Biofuel Industry Policy Uncertainty
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