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UV/Vis Spectrophotometry and UV Imaging

  • Jesper ØstergaardEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Delivery Science and Technology book series (ADST)

Abstract

The present chapter describes typical instrumentation and principles of UV/Visible spectrophotometry and UV imaging measurements. The absorption of light as a function of wavelength depends on the structural properties of molecules as well as the solvent in which they are dissolved, including solvent polarity, pH, temperature and the presence of complexing agents. The absorbance measured for an analyte can be linearly related to concentration through Lambert-Beer’s law. Instrument related and chemical parameters causing deviations from Lambert-Beer’s law are discussed in relation to quantitative applications of spectrophotometry. Practical issues to be considered in quantitative analysis are briefly covered, as is the use of UV/Vis spectrophotometry for compound identification and physicochemical profiling, including pKa and kinetic studies. Recent UV imaging equipment facilitating spatially (2D) resolved absorbance measurements in real-time is described and selected applications in drug dissolution and release testing reviewed.

Keywords

Absorbance Dissolution/release testing Drug quantification Kinetics Lambert-Beer’s law Physicochemical profiling Spectrophotometer UV imaging UV/Visible spectrophotometry UV/Visible spectroscopy 

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Copyright information

© Controlled Release Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of PharmacyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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