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Sleep Medicine pp 309-317 | Cite as

Epilepsy and Sleep

  • Sándor BeniczkyEmail author
  • Peter Wolf
Chapter

Abstract

Epilepsy and sleep are related in several ways. Sleep and sleep deprivation are probably the most important modulators of seizure generation, and many seizure types only (or mainly) start from sleep. Therefore, electroencephalography (EEG) recordings during sleep are highly informative, and are an essential part of the diagnostic workup of patients with epilepsy. Several normal and pathologic sleep phenomena resemble components of epileptic seizures, and even common final pathways have been suggested. Differentiating between nocturnal seizures and parasomnia is often challenging. Many patients with epilepsy have sleep disturbances, often due to nocturnal seizures and certain antiepileptic drugs.

Keywords

Awakening EEG Encephalopathy Epilepsy Ictogenesis Seizures Sleep 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical NeurophysiologyDanish Epilepsy CentreDianalundDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Clinical NeurophysiologyAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyDanish Epilepsy CentreDianalundDenmark

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